Banten is one of the young provinces in Republic
of Indonesia. This region is situated in west Java.
It can be
reached about an hour from Jakarta. It's feel unbelievable,
after the busy toll-way and hectic Jakarta as metropolitan
city; we enter small and charming Banten. This city
has a lot of treasure to whom that likes history.
Such as the ruins of Surosowan Palace, Kaibon Palace,
'Masjid Agung Banten' [Banten Great Mosque, enlisted
in Moslem's pilgrimage in Indonesia], Speelwijk
fortress and Chinese temple Avalokiteshvara, and
the harbor of Banten, Karanghantu [devil rock's
harbor] that still used nowadays already existed
since centuries ago. From this place, Sultan Banten's
troopers took fight against the pirates and take
defense from the Dutch.
with the prevailing regional government changing,
in respect to the insistence of Banten People's
aspiration to demand the separation from West
Java Province, and after long process
based on Law Number 23 Year 2000 concerning on
Formation of Banten Province dated 17th October,
2000, established Banten Province as the 30th
Province. Banten Province consists of 4 Regencies
and 2 Cities, 94 Districts, 128 sub districts
and 1,339 Villages. Geographically, the location
of Banten Province is strategic because of the
link between Java Island and Sumatra Island as
well as the capital of Republic of Indonesia and
West Java Province as a potential market of Banten's
economic sector, that have a great potential resources
and various to be developed, namely sectors in agriculture,
industry/trade, tourism, mining/exploration, and
also supported by the availability of variety natural
resources in great amount. Industry sector contribute
more than 52 % from total of Banten's GRDP, because
there are 17 Industrial Zones equipped by good facilities
and managed by professional private companies.
is one of the newest provinces in Indonesia and
also one of the richest. The province combines
many of the most important Industrial Zones in
Indonesia and also has the extended recreation
areas along the western coast of Java and in south
the Ujung Kulon National Park and the mountainous
areas that are home to the Baduy people. Banten
has the easiest access to Jakarta being merely
an enclave in this province.
This province uses its own unique culture and
language, both called Sundanese that is also used
to call its people. The ancient kingdoms of Banten
are Tarumanegara, Pajajaran, Banten and Cirebon
would make interesting studies for the student
of archaeology. Cirebon is located on the border
between West and Central Java, having a mixed
culture originating from the ancient Cirebon and
Banten kingdoms, resulting in similar customs
and dialects of the two people, although Banten
city is located at the extreme western part of
the province. Banten city on Banten Bay was one
of the first places to begin trade with the Dutch.
There is little to see of the past glories of
this area today with the exception of the Grand
Mosque, which was completed in 1599 and is certainly
worth a visit.
The total area of Banten is 8,800.83 Km2, consisting
of 4 Regencies and 2 Cities, which are divided into
- Serang Regency: 1.724,09 km2
- Lebak Regency: 2.859,96 km2
- Pandeglang Regency: 2.746,88 km2
- Tangerang Regency: 1.110,38 km2
- Cilegon Town: 175,50 km2
- Tangerang Town: 177,20 km2 _
Banten region is surrounded by Java Sea in the North.
Sunda Straits in the West, and facing the India
Ocean in the South. These make Banten as a region
with very great of sea product resources.
and pictures courtesy of Indonesia Tourism.